Shulman references Fenstermacher (1978, 1986), who provided a useful framework for consideration�
�The goal of teacher education, he argues, is not to indoctrinate or train teachers to behave in prescribed ways, but to educate teachers to reason soundly [emphasis added] about their teaching as well as to perform skillfully.
Sound reasoning requires both a process of thinking about what they are doing and an adequate base of facts, principles, and experiences [emphasis added] from which to reason. Teachers must learn to use their knowledge base to provide the grounds for choices and actions� (Shulman, 1987, p.13).
Shulman, L.S. (1987). Knowledge and teaching: Foundations of the new reform. Harvard Educational Review, 57, 1-22.